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Fuchs Dystrophy is a slowly progressing disease that affects both eyes. It occurs when the endothelial (the inner most layer of the cornea) deteriorate. When this happens the endothelium is not able to pump water causing the cornea to swell, distorting vision. Epithelial swelling will damage the vision because it changes the cornea’s normal curvature.

The disease is generally treated with eye drops, ointments, or contact lenses to reduce the swelling in the eye. If these treatments do not work, and the disease begins to interfere with a person’s daily routine a corneal transplant to restore sight may be necessary.